1st things i want to share with you is how its all begin. Its started in Europe between 18th-19th century. Europe at this time divided are into several small countries with each of it has a different systems of government such as monarchy, democracy, church and military. At this time, the major European powers try to expand their borders to become a great imperial power.
In terms of thinking, this age is the "age of enlightement" that give the society the freedom to think, emphasizes the wisdom. Plus, at this era "money, does matter" the more money one's have, the higher status they will get.
In terms of philosophy, Voltaire, with his "law of nature" give a new dimension in the way of thinking. His philosophy based on "human beings are born good and ideas is a gift of God". Human all have emotion, and human emotion are all the same. Emotion are natural feeling, true and all human must sincere with their own feeling. Hearts and feelings are more important than reason.
François-Marie Arouet, better known by the pen name Voltaire
Another philosopher, Rousseau, state that human are naturally born sinless and honest. Feelings and wishes of good and truth is more important than reasons and causes.
In terms of social and economic, this century is the century full of changes. The existence of the industry has made the migration to cities happed anywhere. Social conditions changed dramatically. THIS IS THE BEGINNING OF ART AND CRAFT MOVEMENT since before this movement started, arts mostly can only be appreciated by the upper class society only.
This movement inspired by the social reform concerns of thinkers such as Walter Crane and John Ruskin. The movement advocated truth to materials and traditional craftsmanship using simple forms and often medieval, romantic or folk styles of decoration. It also proposed economic and social reform and has been seen as essentially anti industrial.
Diane and Endymion. By Walter Crane
In this period, manufactured goods were often poor in design and quality. John Ruskin and William Morris proposed that it would be better for all if individual craftsmanship could be revived. The worker could then produce beautiful objects that exhibited the result of fine craftsmanship, as opposed to the shoddy products of mass production. Thus the goal was to create design that was... " for the people and by the people, and a source of pleasure to the maker and the user." Workers could produce beautiful objects that would enhance the lives of ordinary people, and at the same time provide decent employment for the craftsman.
Art nouveau is an international decoration and architecture that develope in europe in the
Arts and Crafts Movement, Art Nouveau artists readily used new materials, machined surfaces and abstraction in the service of pure design. Plus, Art Nouveau did not negate the machine as the Arts and Crafts Movement did, but used it to its advantage.
"Art and Craft Movement" and "Art Nouveau". They are both decorative, influenced by medieval, pre-Raphaelite, art and have a ton of vines going on, but one is primarily a decorative arts movement about "how" things are made, and the other is an art movement about "what" is made. But they can both be understood as reactions to the Industrial Revolution.
"How and What" things are made for
So, we return to the main issue,what can be related in the phase "joy of work" to this two movement?? For Art and Craft movement, they are adore the "making proses" rather than the end product. Means their "joy of work" blaze form "HOW" they make their art.
For Art Nouveau movement, they don't really care on "HOW" they make their art work, but what they care most is on "WHAT" is made. Means, the Art Nouveau artist really care about the end product. Their "joy of work" came when they satisfy with "WHAT" they had made.
P/S: lets kokuat~ !!!!